Volume 28, Issue 4, 2020

Editorial

The shortcomings of tocilizumab in COVID-19
Tirupathi Raghavendra, Bharathidasan Kavya, Areti Swetha, Kaur Jagdeep, Salim Sohail, Al-Tawfiq Jaffar A.

Review

Risk Factors for COVID-19
Rashedi Jalil, Mahdavi Poor Behroz, Asgharzadeh Vahid, Pourostadi Mahya, Samadi Kafil Hossein, Vegari Ali, Tayebi-khosroshahi Hamid, Asgharzadeh Mohammad

After SARS-CoV-2, will H5N6 and other influenza viruses follow the pandemic path?
Bonilla-Aldana D. Katterine, Aguirre-Florez Mateo, Villamizar-Peña Rhuvi, Gutiérrez-Ocampo Estefanía, Henao-Martínez Juan F., Cvetkovic-Vega Aleksandar, Dhama Kuldeep, Rabaan Ali A., Sah Ranjit, Rodriguez-Morales Alfonso J., Schlagenhauf Patricia, Paniz-Mondolfi Alberto

Viral dynamics in the Upper Respiratory Tract (URT) of SARS-CoV-2
Tirupathi Raghavendra, Ramparas Tasha Renu, Wadhwa Gautham, Areti Swetha, Kaur Jagdeep, Salim Sohail, Rabaan Ali A., Al-Tawfiq Jaffar A.

Elevated cardiac troponin I as a predictor of outcomes in COVID-19 hospitalizations: a meta-analysis
Malik Preeti, Patel Urvish, Patel Nidhi H., Somi Shamima, Singh Jagmeet

Involvement of the exocrine pancreas during COVID-19 infection and possible pathogenetic hypothesis: a concise review
Zippi Maddalena, Hong Wandong, Traversa Giampiero, Maccioni Francesca, De Biase Dario, Gallo Claudio, Fiorino Sirio

The role of laboratory medicine in managing biological risk: proposal for a simple and easy-to-follow protocol for occupational accidents at risk of bloodborne infection
Scapaticci Margherita, Bartolini Andrea, Da Rin Giorgio

Tenofovir alafenamide revisited
Di Perri Giovanni

Original article

Monocyte absolute count as a preliminary tool to distinguish between SARS-CoV-2 and influenza A/B infections in patients requiring hospitalization
Curtolo Ambrogio, Oliva Alessandra, Volpicelli Lorenzo, Ceccarelli Giancarlo, D’Ettorre Gabriella, Borrazzo Cristian, Mastroianni Claudio Maria, Venditti Mario

Discharge ward during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: an effective way to increase patient turnover when human resources are scarce
Castelnuovo Filippo, Marchese Valentina, Cristini Graziella, Crosato Cerena, Pennati Francesca, Izzo Ilaria, Paraninfo Giuseppe, Van Hauwermeiren Evelyn, Castelli Francesco

The positive impact of social media on the level of COVID-19 awareness in Saudi Arabia: a web-based cross-sectional survey
Alnasser Ali Hassan A., Al-Tawfiq Jaffar A., Al Kalif Mohammed Sheker H., Alobaysi Azzam Mohammed A., Al Mubarak Murtada Hussain M., Alturki Hamad Nasser H., Alharbi Abdulsalam Awadh A., Albahrani Rahmah Sahib S., Alatef Sultan Salem Ali S., Al Hamad Anwar Ramadan N.

Outbreak of catheter-related Burkholderia cepacia sepsis acquired from contaminated ultrasonography gel: the importance of strengthening hospital infection control measures in low resourced settings
Viderman Dmitriy, Khudaibergenova Makhira, Kemaikin Vadim, Zhumadilov Agzam, Poddighe Dimitri

Susceptibility and Serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates in invasive pneumococcal disease: a study from Kerala, South India
Arjun Rajalakshmi, Ratheesh Raveendran Sarala, Mohan Viji, Uduman Sayenna, Jalaludeen Sherook, Prabhakaran Abhilash, Sasidharan Aswathy, Niyas Vettakkara Kandy Muhammed

Comparison of efficacy and safety of two fixed-dose combination regimens for tuberculosis in the Chinese population
Sun Yaoyao, Cao Bonan, Rao Wenwang, Li Xinwei, Yu Baozhu, Zhang Tiejuan, Zhang Ping, Yu Qiong, Zhou Lin

Serosurvey of HBV surface antigen and anti-HBV surface antibody among HIV-infected patients in Fars province, southern Iran
Rastegarian Mohammad, Zeighami Ali, Shahriarirad Reza, Erfani Amirhossein, Arefkhah Nasir, Ghorbani Fariba, Sarkari Bahador, Sarvari Jamal

Analysis of genetic and viral determinants of HBsAg levels in patients with chronic HBV infection
Vergori Alessandra, Rossetti Barbara, Vicenti Ilaria, Meini Genny, Lentini Gianluca, Valoriani Beatrice, Caudai Cinzia, Morandi Matteo, Cusi Maria Grazia, Zazzi Maurizio, De Luca Andrea

Beyond Italian guidelines in the management of HIV-positive patient
Andreoni Massimo, Antinori Andrea, Castagna Antonella, D’Arminio Monforte Antonella, Di Perri Giovanni, Galli Massimo, Gori Andrea, Mussini Cristina, Perno Carlo Federico

Difference in clinical presentation between the first and second phases of Kyasanur Forest disease: an experience from a teaching hospital in South India
Gupta Nitin, Varma Muralidhar, Saravu Kavitha

Toxoplasma gondii infection during pregnancy: a ten-year observation in the province of Trento, Italy
Piffer Silvano, Lauriola Anna Lina, Pradal Ugo, Collini Lucia, Dell’Anna Laura, Pavanello Lucia

Case report

Concomitant renal and splenic infarction as a complication of COVID-19: a case report and literature review
Ramanathan Maya, Chueng Teresa A., Fernandez Edgar, Gonzales-Zamora Jose

Glecaprevir/pibrentasvir ultra-short treatment to cure HCV infection: case report and literature review
Volpicelli Lorenzo, Biliotti Elisa, Milito Cinzia, Cruciata Alessia, Spaziante Martina, Rivano Capparuccia Marco, Taliani Gloria, Mezzaroma Ivano

The Infections in the History of Medicine

Control measures of a 400-year-old plague epidemic: an example of past efficiency at controlling disease and similarities with current epidemics
Vicentini Chiara Beatrice, Contini Carlo

From inoculation to vaccination: the fight against smallpox in Siena in the 18th and 19th centuries
Orsini Davide, Martini Mariano

Letters to the editor

Usefulness and limitations of implementing rapid tests for the diagnosis of COVID-19 in Latin America
García-Díaz Génesis, Montalvo-Varela Eduardo, Cano-Pérez Eder, da-Silva- Francisco-Junior Ronaldo, Rodriguez-Morales Alfonso J.

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